Mosquitoes have been known for over 400 million years and known for about 100 million years from North America from the Cretaceous, according to the Hawaii Pest Control Association.
There are over 2,700 species of mosquitos and over 176 of them are present in the United States. On average, the typical mosquito weighs about 2.5 milligrams and takes in about 5 millionths of a liter of blood during feeding.
Mosquitoes locate a host through sight by detecting infra-red radiation emitted by warm bodies as well as chemical signals at distances of 25 to 35 meters. Bigger people are often more attractive to mosquitoes because they are larger and contain more CO2 and lactic acid.
Mosquitoes fly an estimated 1 to 1.5 miles per hour and are especially attracted to smelly feet and darker clothing. According to research, movement increased mosquito biting up to 50% and a full moon increased mosquito activity by 500% in one study. It is also important to note that only female mosquitoes feed on blood.
1. Eliminate standing water. Turn over buckets and can, fill puddles with dirt, etc.
2. Fix leaky faucets., seal any outdoor hoses or faucets that are dripping water.
3. Treat bromeliads (and other plants that hold water); flush with a hose weekly.
4. Repair screen and jalousie windows.
5. Clean your gutters. Remove leaves and debris so water runs freely.
6. Dispose of old tires: if used for playground equipment, drill holes to drain water.